People's journal of natural wisdom
To live, to study, to receive health according to the science of evolution. To be like the Teacher of the people, God of the Earth. Science Ivanov P. K.
No. 7. 2018-06-23
Discrete physics is the physics of discrete phenomena in nature in discrete space and time.
1. History of occurrence.
2. The theory of dialectics, three laws.
3. Two opposite sides.
4. The design of evolutionary sequence 1.
5. The design of the evolutionary sequence 2.
6. Microscopic processes. Atomic system Quantum mechanics.
6-1. Quantum mechanics. Radiation of a black body.
6-2. Atomic system
6-3. Uncertainty ratio.
7. Distance, time. Light, speed of light.
8. Automatic heart work.
9. A model of a discrete universe.
10. Planetary system.
1. History of occurrence
History began with the evolutionary sequence, Porfiry Ivanov gave an idea for building her. He spoke of the evolution in 1982 that evolution is not to eat, that is, consciously endure a certain number of hours a week. Our patience grows constantly every day. Ivanov showed with his practical experience, that to endure without food it is necessary a certain number of hours in a row per week: 24, 42, 66, 108 hours a week. He showed a sequence of numbers in which each member equals the sum of the two previous ones. Evolutionary sequence exists in nature. Ivanov directed an opinion on the search for the evolutionary sequence. The process is discrete: A1, A2, A3 ... An , where n – is whole number. This is an evolutionary sequence in a general form. Physics is based on the dialectic, which expresses the universal laws of nature.
2. Theory of dialectics, three laws.
Law 1. Two opposite sides are in nature; they exist in unity and struggle. All things, the phenomena have opposite properties and trends of development. They are in unity, one without one does not exist. The opposite sides interact constantly in the form of struggle, its result is development. Between them there are contradictions that are the source, content, the driving force of self-development of the world. The process is completed by the transition to two new the opposite sides.Приклад An example The two opposite sides are in nature: good, warm, bad, cold. The first opposite side. People do, so that to have a good, warm in life. The second opposite side. They get from nature bad and cold - illness, misfortune. There is a contradiction between them, because people do not get life. To live, people are moving to two new opposite sides. The first new opposite side. People consciously take cold and hunger, they harden in cold water. People feel cold and bad in the process of bathing in cold water. The second new opposite side. People get warm, well and healthy after bathing. Man wanted life and got his life. The contradiction is completed.
Law 2. Double negation is in nature. Objects develop by double negation. Each stage is a synthesis of previous stages, and reproduces on a higher basis the characteristic features, the structure of the initial degree of development. Double negation is a necessary moment in the development process, a condition for a qualitative change of objects. The development of objects does not exist without negation the previous forms. The negation reflects not the destruction of the object, but the moment of its transition to a new quality, in which the elements and properties of its previous qualitative state are stored, that is, it fix the heredity development. Example. It is evolution of mankind.Stage 1. The practices of hardening predominate in of people. Stage 2. Hardening is denied. The doctrines of Christ predominated. Stage 3. Double negation of one hardening and one doctrine of Christ. The synthesis or the sum of the hardening and teachings of Christ dominates in people.
Law 3. Mutual transition of qualitative and quantitative changes. Quantitative changes are gradually accumulating, at a certain stage of development they violate their measure, and form radical changes. (see. Wikipedia. Dialectics).
3. Two opposite sides
First we will consider the class of physical phenomena in nature, in which the evolutionary process does not occur. The first law of dialectics. Nature has a unit that consists of two opposite sides. They exist in unity and struggle. One side does not exist without the other. There is a contradiction between them, but it does not end with the transition to two new opposing sides, there is no objection, which causes evolutionary development. The unit does not have the forces that would lead to the transition to two new opposites. This class of physical phenomena is studying classical physics. Example. Two opposite sides are in nature: the kinetic energy of the physical system and potential energy. They exist in unity with each other. The law of conservation of kinetic and potential energy exists between them. The variation of the kinetic and potential energy of the system is zero; mechanics uses the principle of variation. We can deduce the laws of motion of Newtonian mechanics through the principle of variation.
Classical mechanics studies phenomena in a continuous space and time. Characteristic features of it. 1). The body has a definite space in space at a certain time. 2). Determinism. If we know the place of the body at one time, we can determine the place of the body at another time. Classical physics describes macroscopic phenomena. Classical physics can not describe the microscopic phenomena of nature, atomic systems, the astronomical universe, so it is denied.
Therefore, we must move to two opposites, between which the contradiction ends with the transition to two new opposing sides.
4. The design of evolutionary sequence 1
The evolutionary sequence of qualities is manifested in nature. Each quality corresponds to a certain number expressed by a number. The process of evolution is expressed by a certain evolutionary sequence of numbers. Evolutionary sequence of numbers is constructed with the help of the theory of dialectics.
1). The first member of the sequence expresses the beginning of the evolutionary process, therefore, we assume it is equal to one, since evolution begins with the smallest number. The unit consists of two opposing sides, between which there is a contradiction. It ends with a negation of two opposing parties at some stage. The contradiction ends with the transition to two new opposites. This is an initial member, a thesis. 2). The second term is the negation of the first one. It is not equal to one, but equals some number A. The second term consists of two opposing parties, between which there is a contradiction, which ends with the transition to two new opposing parties. There is a denial between them. This is an antithesis. 3). The third member is a double negation. It is a denial of one first member and one other member, it is the synthesis of two members. Double denial is the transition to a new quality, it retains elements and properties the previous state, that is, it fixes heredity. The third term based on these properties is 2A. We have the first three members:
1, A, 2A. This is an arithmetic progression, in which the difference is equal to A.
1, A, 2A, 3A, 4A ... n A. (4.1)
n is an integer from zero to infinity.
5. The design of the evolutionary sequence 2
1). The first member of the sequence expresses the beginning of the evolutionary process, therefore, we assume it is equal to one, since evolution begins with the smallest number. The unit consists of two opposing sides, between which there is a contradiction. It ends with a denial of two opposing parties at some stage. The contradiction ends with the transition to two new opposites. This is an initial member, a thesis. 2). The second term is the denial of the first one. It is not equal to one, but equals some number of X. The second term consists of two opposing parties, between which there is a contradiction, which ends with the transition to two new opposing parties. There is a denial between them. This is an antithesis. 3). The third member is a double denial. It is a denial of one first member and one other member, it is the synthesis of two members, or the sum. Double denial is the transition to a new quality, it retains elements and properties the previous state, that is, it fixes heredity. The third term is the sum of the first two based on these properties: 1 + X. The evolutionary sequence is constructed by this rule, each member equals the sum of the two previous ones. This sequence is a geometric progression.
1, X, 1 + X
It can be assumed that the sequence is based on this law for any number of members. The denominator (X) is equal to the ratio of the third term to the second: X = (1 + X) / X. From here we have a square equation. The basic equation of evolution.
X² - X - 1 = 0. (5.1) We find the roots.
√ First root: X 1 = 0.5 (1 + √ 5 ). (5.2)
Denote by: X 1 = φ . This number is called the golden section: 1.618033 ...
Second root: X 2 = 0.5 (1 - √ 5). (5.3)
The second designation: X 2 = - 1/φ. X 2 = - 0.618033 ...
Sequence with the first root (P1): 1, φ, φ², φ ³ ... (5.4)
The degree indicator is any integer, so the members of the sequence increase indefinitely. Growing progression. In practice it is convenient to use a similar sequence of integers:
1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55 ... (5.5)
In it, each member equals the sum of the two previous ones. The relation between any member and the previous one is approximately equal to the golden section.
Sequence with the second root (P2): 1, - 1 / φ , 1 / φ ², - 1 / φ ³ ... (5.6)
Decreasing progression with variable member signs. The degree indicator is any positive integer. A similar sequence of inverse integers:
1, - 1/2, 1/3, - 1/5, 1/8, - 1/13, 1/21 ... (5.7)
If the initial one A member of the sequence is any number (a), then each member of the sequence of P1 and P2 will be multiplied by that number (a). If the initial term is (a), then we have the first three members: a, aX , a + aX . From here we get the denominator of the progression: aX / a = (a + aX ) / aX . After simplification we get the equation derived earlier evolution (3.1).
Since the laws of dialectics are universal laws of nature, then sequences are an all-encompassing law of nature.
6. Microscopic processes. Atomic system Quantum mechanics
The sequence (4.1) corresponds to many real physical systems. For example, quantum mechanics, atomic physics. It is an universal law of nature, as it follows from dialectical laws that are universal laws of nature. The world is built according to a single law.
6-1. Quantum mechanics. Radiation of a black body.
Physicists studied the interaction of the body with radiation. On the basis of classical physics, which studies continuous quantities, it was impossible to explain the distribution of energy over frequencies, which is observed in nature. Plank made the assumption: the energy of the oscillator with its own frequency ( γ ) can only be discrete values, multiple values ( h γ ). Where h is Planck's constant. This basic unit of energy ( h γ ) is uneven for all oscillators, since it is proportional to the frequency. Thus, the energy of the oscillator is equal E = nhγ , where n is an whole number that varies from zero to infinity. We get a sequence for energy:
h γ 1, h γ 2, h γ 3, h γ 4 ... h γ n. (6.1) ( n ) is any whole number.
This sequence is an arithmetic progression similar to (4.1).
Planck received an exact correspondence between the theoretical formula and the distribution of the energy of radiation at frequencies, which is observed in nature. We have received Planck's energy distribution function. (see. Bom, Quantum theory, 1965. p30). Discrete physics confirms Planck's hypothesis, because the sequence (6.1) corresponds precisely to the sequence (4.1).
6-2. Atomic system
Classical physics is based on the following concepts: the specific location and impulse of an object in a continuous space. Classical physics can not explain the structure of the atom. Niels Bohr (1913) formulated the correct postulates for atomic systems and synthesized them for all atomic systems.
1. Atomy can stay in certain states, stationary states, in which they do not radiate and do not absorb energy. In these states atomic systems have energies that form a discrete sequence:
E 1 , E 2 , E 3 ... En . (6.2).
These states are characterized by stability, any change in energy as a result of absorption or emission of radiation, or as a result of impact, can occur only with the full transition (hopping) from one of these states to another.
2. Atoms release or absorb radiation only strictly defined frequency when moving from one state to another. The radiation emitted or absorbed during the transition from the Em state in the state En , is monochromatic, and its frequency γ is determined from the condition: hγ = Em - En . Energy are expressed by the arithmetic progression (4.1) with the difference hγ .
Niels Bohr developed the theory of hydrogen atom and such hydrogen, which has one electron, based on these postulates. It exactly corresponds to the experimental data. The theory gives the "quantization rule" of circular orbits: from all possible orbits, the ones in which the moment of the amount of motion is multiple h / 2π. (see. E. Shpolsky, Atomic physics. T. 1. 1974.p.339).
The sequences (6.1) and (6.2) are an arithmetic progression, they correspond to the fundamental sequence (4.1), which means that they confirm the position of discrete physics.
6-3. Uncertainty ratio
Formulation. If the measurement takes place with the accuracy of Δx and if a momentum measurement with accuracy Δp is at the same time , the product of these two errors corresponds to the expression : Δ x Δ p ≥ ћ . (6.3)
Similarly, if the energy of the system is measured accurately Δ E , then the time to which this measurement relates, should have the minimum uncertainty given by the expression: ΔE Δ t ≥ ћ. (6.4)
This is a relationship uncertainty Heisenberg
This correlation means that ( x ) and ( p ) can not simultaneously have definite values. If the value is ( x ) is defined, that is, Δx = 0, then Δ p equal to infinity. So, (p) has no definite value. And vice versa. If (x) and (p) are not defined in known limits Δx and Δ p , then there is a correlation between them (6.3). It turns out the smaller the Δx , that is, the more precisely the localized body, the more so Δ p , that is, the greater the impetus uncertainty. The author deduced the relation of uncertainty on the basis of the wave properties of the micro particles of Louis de Broglie. The relations (6.3) and (6.4) represent the restriction to the micro particles of the application of classical notions of a specific location and momentum.
The trajectory of the motion of a microscopic body in space can not be a continuous line by the relation (6.4), Δx is not equal to zero, and hence it is discrete, it is interrupted. And if the distance is interrupted, then the time for which the movement of the body occurs is intermittent. The indefinite ratio explains why space and time is discrete.
Discrete character is fundamental in nature, it manifests itself in all phenomena of nature. Particularly the discreteness is manifested for particles of atomic size. Classical physics examines continuous processes, when the size of an object is larger atoms. Classical physics is the limiting case of discrete physics. Discrete physics is integral physics.
Quantum theory did not have a scientific explanation for the reasons for the existence of quanta, the sequence. She accepted the phenomenon of quanta as a hypothesis. This is a lack of quantum theory. Discrete physics does not have such a lack, it gives a scientific explanation of existence quanta in nature. The quantum nature of phenomena is explained by the evolutionary sequence, which is based on the laws of dialectics.
We do not observe in nature the organs a sense of the quantum of energy, time, distance because of the fact that the quanta are of small magnitude. We observe the phenomena of nature continuously in time, space, as in the cinema.
7. Distance, time. Light, speed of light
The material object takes place in space at certain points depending on the light. The smallest distance between two adjacent points, in which matter may be, is called the quantum of distance and is equal to λ (unit of measurement meter). The material object occupies space in space for such a sequence of numbers, unit meter.
λ , λ 2 , λ 3 , λ 4 ... λ n (unit meter). n is an whole number.
The material object exists in nature at certain intervals, depending on the light, multiple (T), but not in continuous time. The smallest period of time is the time that goes in nature, we call the quantum of time. The intervals of time are expressed by such a sequence of numbers in units of time, a second.
T, T2, T3, T4 ... T n . (one second).
The light is transmitted by photons ( hγ or h /T ) for the period T λ at a distance λ . The propagation of light is expressed by a sequence, which is an arithmetic progression:
h γ 1, hγ 2, hγ 3, hγ 4 ... hγn , where n is whole number.
Speed of light: С = λ / T.
When light arises with quanta, it begins to propagate in space at the smallest interval of distance ( λ ) for the smallest period of time (T). The beginning of light, distance, time span, have one phase. The light has one phase at any point in space, and at any time interval. The sequence of distance and time begins together, the light gives rise to them. Therefore, the speed (V) of light is equal to:
λ V light = λ / T = λ 2 / T2 = n λ 3 / T3 ... λ n / T n . meters / second. The speed of light in a vacuum is three hundred thousand kilometers per second.
The sequence of distance and time shows that the speed of light is greatest in nature. The speed of light is constant at any point in space and time, does not depend on the motion of a light source or observer. The light propagates in space indefinitely for a long distance. These properties are confirmed in practice. Cosmology confirms that the universe is astronomical all the time expanding. The white light, space and time are bound by the formula: s = ct . The distance (s) and time (t) appear as two opposite sides. If there is a distance, then time also arises. These three physical phenomena exist in unity.
If light arises, then space and time, energy, mass arises. Matter, the universe is generated through light. People can generate light and see it. Ivanov gives an idea that people themselves are in the white world of the sun. Ivanov writes: 8204: 123. "It became easy for me without a headgear. I saw a white light, my head was well-groomed, she did not become ill with herself. And when the brain got on the natural forces, my inner lighted fire. The cold side has departed, and the heat has come, which is why we, such people, do not break away. " Consequently, people generate matter and the universe, create the world. Nature gives birth to people for the life of nature, and people create light and give birth to nature. So, nature is immortal, it has no end. Father Osh protects nature and people, does everything for people to live healthy and happy, and created a white light and a white world. He said: "It is necessary to live, but we do not have to die."
8. Automatic heart work
8-1. Automatic work of heart muscle . Practice. The heart has the ability to rhythmically shrink under the influence of impulses that arise in the heart muscle itself. The automatic work of the heart does not depend on the nervous system. The reduction of the ventricles lasts about 0.3 seconds, they relax after that. And all cardiac menses are in a state of rest or general relaxation within 0.4 - 0.5 seconds. The duration of the entire heart cycle is approximately 0.8 seconds. The ratio between the duration of relaxation and reduction is equal to the golden section. So, this is an evolutionary process consisting of two actions: abbreviation (thesis) and relaxation (negation, antithesis). This process can be described theoretically. It is described by the equation of evolution, has two sequences of numbers P1 and P2, in which two members, it must be automatic in its nature. Obviously, the ability of the automatic movement of the heart has all the living organisms that evolve, they would not exist otherwise.
8-2. The driving force of the evolutionary process. Automation. An evolutionary sequence can have any quantity of members. Consider the sequences P1 and P2 with two terms. The first member (a) expresses a reduction, the next member expresses a relaxation, a denial of the first one. The ratio between the length of processes is equal to the golden section.
P1: a, a φ . Where a - the first member. P2 may have the first term (a φ ). a φ Then there will be a P2: ( a φ ) , - a φ / φ . Or after simplifying P2: a φ , - a. Possibly, the final value is an impulse to start the second cycle of the sequence. The second cycle starts automatically after the first one cycle The process continues indefinitely. In other words, the motion takes place in a spiral. The process begins at first. The number of cycles is theoretically infinite, the process is eternal.
The cause of the movement, the driving force of evolution is in the very evolutionary system. This process is independent of any other systems. This process takes place in practice in nature everywhere and in large and small. This automatic mechanism can be called the heart of nature.
9. A model of a discrete universe.
9-1. Overview of universe models based on continuous space and time. Model Big Bang. Its main defect is this. The model has no scientific explanation how and why huge energy arises at the beginning of the creation of the universe, that is, at the beginning of the explosion. (see. Wikipedia, a big bang). This energy propagates in space, as in the explosion.
9-2. The discrete universe model explains the reason for the expansion of the universe. The process takes place on the basis of discrete space and time. The process of creating the universe expresses the sequence of P1. The energy of the universe begins with one or a small number and grows to a large number with the growth of the member of the sequence member.
Creation start. The initial energy is equal to the value close to zero. Perhaps, the initial energy is a mental nature, that is, very fine matter. Ivanov gives an idea. The sun is not like that, the people themselves are in the white world of the sun. (EM 3). We can say, the universe begins with nothing. For example, the representation of light to reality, which the person sees with his eyes. This is a mental energy. Then this visible light turns into mass elementary particles according to the known law. Then gases, solids, planets, stars, galaxies are formed.
Development. Space with galaxies expanding in all directions at a speed of light. Sequence P1 , which expresses the distance, increases indefinitely, that is, the space increases indefinitely. The sequence of P1 expresses the creation and growth of matter, the number of galaxies is increasing, they run out of each other. The universe extends without end and edge. In time there is no beginning and end.
The sequences P1 and P2 express the physical phenomena of the astronomical universe. Two the opposite sides are in the nature of dialectics. This is the creation of something and its destruction. Obviously, something should be created originally in nature, it is destroyed later. Consequently, the process of creation something outmarch the process of destruction it always. This is confirmed practically in the life of the astronomical universe, which is created and expanded more in front of us, and it is destroyed almost imperceptibly. The size of the universe far exceeds the size of the galaxy, in which processes of destruction of matter occur. Massive bodies are approaching each other. Matter is created in nature more than is destroyed. This, in our opinion, explains the existence of the created universe. Matter is created at this moment, it is destroyed in the next moment. He who created the world destroys it. The processes of creation and destruction are described two opposite sequences. Growing sequence expresses the process of creating something, such as matter. A decreasing sequence expresses the process of destroying what was originally created. The process of creation and destruction occur simultaneously. One is destroyed, another is created. The initial number of the sequence P 2 is much smaller than the finite number of the sequence P1.
9-3. Galaxy and black hole.
Suppose that the initial term P2 is equal to M, it expresses the amount of matter in nature at some point in time:
M, - M/φ , M/φ ², - M φ ³ ... (9.1)
We see that with an increase in the number of a member of a sequence, that is, of time, its value is directed to zero, that is, matter is destroyed, the distance decreases. This process occurs in each galaxy. The accumulation of bodies with mass in space is called a galaxy. All body clusters move to the center of the galaxy at some point in time. The distance to the center decreases with increasing number of the member of the sequence, the amount of matter decreases by formula (9.1), and the body disappears in the center of the galaxy. In astrophysics, this center is called a black hole. Black hole is an astrophysical object that creates such a powerful force of gravity that any fast particles can not leave it, even light. (Wikipedia , The Black Hole). The cause of the dying galaxy is a black hole. A very large mass of black holes is the lack of a black hole model. The black hole model does not provide a scientific explanation for the existence of a very large black hole mass.
By discrete model, the process of destruction of matter occurs naturally. In the center of the galaxy there is not a lot of mass and gravity, which attracts all the bodies of the galaxy with mass and light. Movement of galactic bodies is not due to the action of gravity in the center. Reducing the distance between any body and the center of the galaxy or between two bodies is a natural process. It is described by formula (9.1). It is the opposite of creating matter in sequence P1 and increasing the distance between galaxies in space. The galaxies are fading from the center to the periphery.
Obviously, how much matter is created, so much will be destroyed. The law of conservation exists. Two roads are in nature. One way goes to life, the other goes to death. A living being is born in nature, she lives in a place for a while, then she ceases to live. Matter does not arise and does not disappear in nature, but one species turns into another. The cause and the driving force of evolution are in nature itself.
10. Planetary system
Solar planetary system. Explorers of the sky found the average distance from the Sun to the near planets in astronomical units, they discovered them by observation. The distance to Mercury is 0.4, the distance to Venus is 0.7, the distance to the Earth is 1.0, distance to Mars is equal to 1.5. (Hurshtein. Secrets sky. 1973. p192). A number of distances can be expressed in the form of a sequence:
0.4; 0.7; 1.0; 1.5. (10.1)
The sequence of empirical distances can be expressed using a theoretical evolution sequence with an initial value (0.4):
0.4; 0.4 φ ; 0.4 φ ²; 0.4 φ ³ ... (10.2)
Value φ substitute in (10.2), in order to the empirical value (10.1) is compared with the theoretical value:
0.4; 0.65; 1.0; 1.69 (10.3).
We will compare the sequence numbers (10.3) and (10.1). The corresponding numbers of the sequence (10.3) and (10.1) coincide exactly. The difference between the theoretical and empirical distance to Mars is approximately no more than 12%. The theoretical evolution sequence (10.2) approximates answer the experimental data (10.1). We can make conclusion, that the planetary system exists according to the law of evolutionary sequence (10.2). The planetary system is formed by the law of evolutionary sequence (10.2). If we know the law of evolutionary sequence (10.2), we can find the distance from the Sun to any planet. We must find the distance only to the first planet: 0.4. We can call it ² number 0.4 is the initial value, and the numbers φ , φ² , φ ³ can be called quantum numbers. Distance to the planet is equal to the product of the initial value and the appropriate quantum number. The distance to the second planet is 0.4 φ . The distance to the third planet is equal ². 0.4 φ² . Distance to 0,4 the fourth planet is equal to 0.4 φ ³. The law of evolutionary sequence is the universal law of nature.
We can make conclusion, that the planetary system and atomic system exist under similar laws. We assume 1. The planetary system is stationary. Planets move around the sun in stationary orbits. 2. Energy planets form a discrete sequence. The planets move according to the law of evolutionary sequence.
The live of people also occur according to the law of evolutionary sequence. We observe the evolutionary sequence in the history of society, the history of Teacher Ivanov. In our opinion, the evolutionary sequence is the basic form of motion in all forms of the motion of nature. The evolutionary sequence is fundamental for the atomic system, the planetary system, and the astronomical universe, society, people. The law of evolutionary sequence is universal law of nature. In our opinion, Ivanov states in connection with this that people are basic in nature, and not the Sun. Ivanov did not recognize heavenly mechanics, because she did not used the law of evolutionary sequence. The main driving force of the evolution of nature is people, not the sun. We all must to seek secrets in people, in themselves, and not in nature.
Google is translator. Original text: www.osh.kiev.ua/ukiv8807.htm